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管家婆马报图资料大全:文件操作实现全文或单

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管家婆马报图资料大全:文件操作实现全文或单

python基础--文件操作实现全文或单行替换,

python修改文件时,使用w模式会将原本的文件清空/覆盖。可以先用读(r)的方式打开,写到内存中,然后再用写(w)的方式打开。

Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The taste of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue

 

#将文件读取到内存中
with open("./fileread.txt","r",encoding="utf-8") as f:
 lines = f.readlines()  
#写的方式打开文件
with open("./fileread.txt","w",encoding="utf-8") as f_w:
 for line in lines:
  if "taste" in line:
         #替换
   line = line.replace("taste","tasting") 
  f_w.write(line)

       2.全文中搜索替换或者单行替换

#文本内容
Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The taste of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue
taste
taste
taste
taste

#定义一个函数,带有4个参数
#x 表示要更新的文件名称
#y 表示要被替换的内容
#z 表示 替换后的内容
#s 默认参数为 1 表示只替换第一个匹配到的字符串
# 如果参数为 s = 'g' 则表示全文替换
def string_switch(x,y,z,s=1):
 with open(x, "r", encoding="utf-8") as f:
     #readlines以列表的形式将文件读出
  lines = f.readlines()

 with open(x, "w", encoding="utf-8") as f_w:
     #定义一个数字,用来记录在读取文件时在列表中的位置
  n = 0
  #默认选项,只替换第一次匹配到的行中的字符串
  if s == 1:
   for line in lines:
    if y in line:
     line = line.replace(y,z)
     f_w.write(line)
     n += 1
     break
    f_w.write(line)
    n += 1
   #将剩余的文本内容继续输出
   for i in range(n,len(lines)):
    f_w.write(lines[i])
  #全局匹配替换
  elif s == 'g':
   for line in lines:
    if y in line:
     line = line.replace(y,z)
    f_w.write(line)

测试

1)默认参数 1,只替换匹配到的第一行

string_switch("fileread.txt","taste","tasting")

#结果
Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The tasting of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue
taste
taste
taste
taste

2)全局替换

string_switch("fileread.txt","taste","tasting","g")

#结果
Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The tasting of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue
tasting
tasting
tasting
tasting

  

 

python修改文件时,使用w模式会将原本的文件清空/覆盖。可以先用读(r)的方式打开,写到内存...

python基础_文件操作实现全文或单行替换的方法,

python修改文件时,使用w模式会将原本的文件清空/覆盖。可以先用读(r)的方式打开,写到内存中,然后再用写(w)的方式打开。

1、替换文本中的taste 为 tasting

Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The taste of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue

#将文件读取到内存中
with open("./fileread.txt","r",encoding="utf-8") as f:
 lines = f.readlines() 
#写的方式打开文件
with open("./fileread.txt","w",encoding="utf-8") as f_w:
 for line in lines:
  if "taste" in line:
   #替换
   line = line.replace("taste","tasting")
  f_w.write(line)

2、全文中搜索替换或者单行替换

#文本内容
Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The taste of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue
taste
taste
taste
taste

#定义一个函数,带有4个参数
#x 表示要更新的文件名称
#y 表示要被替换的内容
#z 表示 替换后的内容
#s 默认参数为 1 表示只替换第一个匹配到的字符串
# 如果参数为 s = 'g' 则表示全文替换
def string_switch(x,y,z,s=1):
 with open(x, "r", encoding="utf-8") as f:
  #readlines以列表的形式将文件读出
  lines = f.readlines()

 with open(x, "w", encoding="utf-8") as f_w:
  #定义一个数字,用来记录在读取文件时在列表中的位置
  n = 0
  #默认选项,只替换第一次匹配到的行中的字符串
  if s == 1:
   for line in lines:
    if y in line:
     line = line.replace(y,z)
     f_w.write(line)
     n += 1
     break
    f_w.write(line)
    n += 1
   #将剩余的文本内容继续输出
   for i in range(n,len(lines)):
    f_w.write(lines[i])
  #全局匹配替换
  elif s == 'g':
   for line in lines:
    if y in line:
     line = line.replace(y,z)
    f_w.write(line)

测试

1)默认参数 1,只替换匹配到的第一行

string_switch("fileread.txt","taste","tasting")

#结果
Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The tasting of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue
taste
taste
taste
taste

2)全局替换

string_switch("fileread.txt","taste","tasting","g")

#结果
Yesterday when I was young
昨日当我年少轻狂
The tasting of life was sweet
生命的滋味是甜的
As rain upon my tongue
tasting
tasting
tasting
tasting

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python修改文件时,使用w模式会将原本的文件清空/覆盖。可以先用读(r)的方式打开,写...

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